Integer Objects¶
All integers are implemented as “long” integer objects of arbitrary size.
On error, most PyLong_As*
APIs return (return type)1
which cannot be
distinguished from a number. Use PyErr_Occurred()
to disambiguate.

PyTypeObject
PyLong_Type
¶ This instance of
PyTypeObject
represents the Python integer type. This is the same object asint
in the Python layer.

int
PyLong_Check
(PyObject *p)¶ Return true if its argument is a
PyLongObject
or a subtype ofPyLongObject
. This function always succeeds.

int
PyLong_CheckExact
(PyObject *p)¶ Return true if its argument is a
PyLongObject
, but not a subtype ofPyLongObject
. This function always succeeds.

PyObject *
PyLong_FromLong
(long v)¶  Return value: New reference.
Return a new
PyLongObject
object from v, orNULL
on failure.The current implementation keeps an array of integer objects for all integers between
5
and256
, when you create an int in that range you actually just get back a reference to the existing object.

PyObject *
PyLong_FromUnsignedLong
(unsigned long v)¶  Return value: New reference.
Return a new
PyLongObject
object from a C unsigned long, orNULL
on failure.

PyObject *
PyLong_FromSsize_t
(Py_ssize_t v)¶  Return value: New reference.
Return a new
PyLongObject
object from a CPy_ssize_t
, orNULL
on failure.

PyObject *
PyLong_FromSize_t
(size_t v)¶  Return value: New reference.
Return a new
PyLongObject
object from a Csize_t
, orNULL
on failure.

PyObject *
PyLong_FromLongLong
(long long v)¶  Return value: New reference.
Return a new
PyLongObject
object from a C long long, orNULL
on failure.

PyObject *
PyLong_FromUnsignedLongLong
(unsigned long long v)¶  Return value: New reference.
Return a new
PyLongObject
object from a C unsigned long long, orNULL
on failure.

PyObject *
PyLong_FromDouble
(double v)¶  Return value: New reference.
Return a new
PyLongObject
object from the integer part of v, orNULL
on failure.

PyObject *
PyLong_FromString
(const char *str, char **pend, int base)¶  Return value: New reference.
Return a new
PyLongObject
based on the string value in str, which is interpreted according to the radix in base. If pend is nonNULL
, *pend will point to the first character in str which follows the representation of the number. If base is0
, str is interpreted using the Integer literals definition; in this case, leading zeros in a nonzero decimal number raises aValueError
. If base is not0
, it must be between2
and36
, inclusive. Leading spaces and single underscores after a base specifier and between digits are ignored. If there are no digits,ValueError
will be raised.

PyObject *
PyLong_FromUnicode
(Py_UNICODE *u, Py_ssize_t length, int base)¶  Return value: New reference.
Convert a sequence of Unicode digits to a Python integer value.
Deprecated since version 3.3, will be removed in version 3.10: Part of the oldstyle
Py_UNICODE
API; please migrate to usingPyLong_FromUnicodeObject()
.

PyObject *
PyLong_FromUnicodeObject
(PyObject *u, int base)¶  Return value: New reference.
Convert a sequence of Unicode digits in the string u to a Python integer value.
New in version 3.3.

PyObject *
PyLong_FromVoidPtr
(void *p)¶  Return value: New reference.
Create a Python integer from the pointer p. The pointer value can be retrieved from the resulting value using
PyLong_AsVoidPtr()
.

long
PyLong_AsLong
(PyObject *obj)¶ Return a C long representation of obj. If obj is not an instance of
PyLongObject
, first call its__index__()
or__int__()
method (if present) to convert it to aPyLongObject
.Raise
OverflowError
if the value of obj is out of range for a long.Returns
1
on error. UsePyErr_Occurred()
to disambiguate.Changed in version 3.8: Use
__index__()
if available.Deprecated since version 3.8: Using
__int__()
is deprecated.

long
PyLong_AsLongAndOverflow
(PyObject *obj, int *overflow)¶ Return a C long representation of obj. If obj is not an instance of
PyLongObject
, first call its__index__()
or__int__()
method (if present) to convert it to aPyLongObject
.If the value of obj is greater than
LONG_MAX
or less thanLONG_MIN
, set *overflow to1
or1
, respectively, and return1
; otherwise, set *overflow to0
. If any other exception occurs set *overflow to0
and return1
as usual.Returns
1
on error. UsePyErr_Occurred()
to disambiguate.Changed in version 3.8: Use
__index__()
if available.Deprecated since version 3.8: Using
__int__()
is deprecated.

long long
PyLong_AsLongLong
(PyObject *obj)¶ Return a C long long representation of obj. If obj is not an instance of
PyLongObject
, first call its__index__()
or__int__()
method (if present) to convert it to aPyLongObject
.Raise
OverflowError
if the value of obj is out of range for a long long.Returns
1
on error. UsePyErr_Occurred()
to disambiguate.Changed in version 3.8: Use
__index__()
if available.Deprecated since version 3.8: Using
__int__()
is deprecated.

long long
PyLong_AsLongLongAndOverflow
(PyObject *obj, int *overflow)¶ Return a C long long representation of obj. If obj is not an instance of
PyLongObject
, first call its__index__()
or__int__()
method (if present) to convert it to aPyLongObject
.If the value of obj is greater than
LLONG_MAX
or less thanLLONG_MIN
, set *overflow to1
or1
, respectively, and return1
; otherwise, set *overflow to0
. If any other exception occurs set *overflow to0
and return1
as usual.Returns
1
on error. UsePyErr_Occurred()
to disambiguate.New in version 3.2.
Changed in version 3.8: Use
__index__()
if available.Deprecated since version 3.8: Using
__int__()
is deprecated.

Py_ssize_t
PyLong_AsSsize_t
(PyObject *pylong)¶ Return a C
Py_ssize_t
representation of pylong. pylong must be an instance ofPyLongObject
.Raise
OverflowError
if the value of pylong is out of range for aPy_ssize_t
.Returns
1
on error. UsePyErr_Occurred()
to disambiguate.

unsigned long
PyLong_AsUnsignedLong
(PyObject *pylong)¶ Return a C unsigned long representation of pylong. pylong must be an instance of
PyLongObject
.Raise
OverflowError
if the value of pylong is out of range for a unsigned long.Returns
(unsigned long)1
on error. UsePyErr_Occurred()
to disambiguate.

size_t
PyLong_AsSize_t
(PyObject *pylong)¶ Return a C
size_t
representation of pylong. pylong must be an instance ofPyLongObject
.Raise
OverflowError
if the value of pylong is out of range for asize_t
.Returns
(size_t)1
on error. UsePyErr_Occurred()
to disambiguate.

unsigned long long
PyLong_AsUnsignedLongLong
(PyObject *pylong)¶ Return a C unsigned long long representation of pylong. pylong must be an instance of
PyLongObject
.Raise
OverflowError
if the value of pylong is out of range for an unsigned long long.Returns
(unsigned long long)1
on error. UsePyErr_Occurred()
to disambiguate.Changed in version 3.1: A negative pylong now raises
OverflowError
, notTypeError
.

unsigned long
PyLong_AsUnsignedLongMask
(PyObject *obj)¶ Return a C unsigned long representation of obj. If obj is not an instance of
PyLongObject
, first call its__index__()
or__int__()
method (if present) to convert it to aPyLongObject
.If the value of obj is out of range for an unsigned long, return the reduction of that value modulo
ULONG_MAX + 1
.Returns
(unsigned long)1
on error. UsePyErr_Occurred()
to disambiguate.Changed in version 3.8: Use
__index__()
if available.Deprecated since version 3.8: Using
__int__()
is deprecated.

unsigned long long
PyLong_AsUnsignedLongLongMask
(PyObject *obj)¶ Return a C unsigned long long representation of obj. If obj is not an instance of
PyLongObject
, first call its__index__()
or__int__()
method (if present) to convert it to aPyLongObject
.If the value of obj is out of range for an unsigned long long, return the reduction of that value modulo
ULLONG_MAX + 1
.Returns
(unsigned long long)1
on error. UsePyErr_Occurred()
to disambiguate.Changed in version 3.8: Use
__index__()
if available.Deprecated since version 3.8: Using
__int__()
is deprecated.

double
PyLong_AsDouble
(PyObject *pylong)¶ Return a C double representation of pylong. pylong must be an instance of
PyLongObject
.Raise
OverflowError
if the value of pylong is out of range for a double.Returns
1.0
on error. UsePyErr_Occurred()
to disambiguate.

void *
PyLong_AsVoidPtr
(PyObject *pylong)¶ Convert a Python integer pylong to a C void pointer. If pylong cannot be converted, an
OverflowError
will be raised. This is only assured to produce a usable void pointer for values created withPyLong_FromVoidPtr()
.Returns
NULL
on error. UsePyErr_Occurred()
to disambiguate.